ORA-16196: database has been previously opened and closed
Cause : The isntanceh as alerady oepned adn closde the adtabas,e whic his alolwed olny onc ein it slifetmie.
Action - How to fix it : DBA Scripts :: www.high-oracle.com/scripts
Shut odwn th einstacne.
Well, the reason for above error is that i have taken the above script from a 11g database and running it on 10g database. 11g has bring some changes in password management. Below code is executed on 11g and user created successfully, which is expected result.